Washinton-Oregon (Columbia Basin) Weekly Hay
Moses Lake, WA    Fri Nov 8, 2019    USDA Market News      

Washington-Oregon (Columbia Basin) Weekly Hay Report 

Tons:  2500    Last Week:  5700    Last Year:  6950       

   Compared to last Friday, all grades of domestic Alfalfa steady as harvest is 
coming to an end. Timothy for export remains slow. Trade remains slow as most 
supplies are in firm hands. Demand remains good from Dairies. Feed store/retail 
steady. Korea increased the quotas for imported grass hay. Japan�s major farming 
island was hit by a typhoon affecting forage crops. All prices are dollars per ton 
and FOB the farm or ranch unless otherwise stated. Delivered prices include 
freight, commissions and other expenses. 

                        Tons      Price   Wt. Avg    Comments
    Mid Square                                                      
      Premium           525 205.00-205.00 205.00      Tarped        
      Good/Premium     1200 230.00-230.00 230.00  Del Tarped        

    Small Square                                                    
      Premium             50 230.00-230.00 230.00     Retail/Stable 

  Orchard Grass                                                     
    Small Square                                                    
      Premium             75 230.00-230.00 230.00     Retail/Stable 

  Wheat Straw                                                       
    Mid Square                                                      
      Good               275 108.00-108.00 108.00 Del               

  Corn Stover/Stalks                                                
    Mid Square                                                      
      Good               375   85.00-85.00  85.00 Del               

  Alfalfa hay test guidelines, (for domestic livestock use and not more than 10% 
grass), used with visual appearance and intent of sale Quantitative factors are 
approximate and many factors can affect feeding value.                  
             ADF     NDF     RFV     TDN-100%    TDN-90%   CP-100%            
 Supreme     <27     <34     >185      >62       >55.9       >22              
 Premium    27-29   34-36   170-185   60.5-62   54.5-55.9   20-22             
 Good       29-32   36-40   150-170    58-60    52.5-54.5   18-20             
 Fair       32-35   40-44   130-150    56-58    50.5-52.5   16-18             
 Utility     >35     >44     <130      <56       <50.5       <16              
   RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.  TDN calculated using the       
western formula. Values based on 100% dry matter, TDN both 90% and 100%. 

   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding 
Value.  Values based on 100 pct. dry matter.  End usage may influence hay price or 
value more than testing results. 

   ADF = Acid Detergent Fiber; NDF = Neutral Detergent Fiber; RFV = 
Relative Feed Value; TDN = Total Digestible nutrients. 

   Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium            Over 13
Good                  9-13
Fair                   5-9
Utility            Under 5

Contracted price - Price and conditions of sale agreed upon when buyer and 
Seller negotiates a transaction.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
         leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
         a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.
Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
         and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
         free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
         or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
         could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
         weed content or mold.
Source: USDA Market News, Moses Lake, WA.  
        Greg Sanders 509-393-1343 MosesLake.LPGMN@ams.usda.gov
0900p   gds   rlc