Nebraska/Iowa Weekly Hay Summary (Fri)
Kearney, NE    Thu May 16, 2019    USDA-NE Dept of Ag Market News

Nebraska Hay Summary - Week Ending May 17, 2019

  Compared to last week all reported forages sold steady. Demand was 
good for hay shipping to out of state buyers with moderate demand for local 
usage. Some people continue to buy a load here and there to get them by 
until all cattle are on summer grass. Feedlots continue to procure hay at 
their normal pace. Some talks on new crop alfalfa prices but nothing set in 
stone. Many producers want to see what they have for tonnage before selling 
new crop hay. Few, alfalfa dehy plants have a few acres of alfalfa on the 
ground in the Platte Valley and have started testing plants for efficiency. 
Hoping most of the problems are worked out before the large amount of first 
cutting starts. A lot of farmers are very busy in the field across the 
state. Some in the eastern area have corn in and have started on soybeans. 
Many farmers have burned the mid-night oil trying to get as many acres 
planted before the next forecasted rain showers move in over the weekend. 
Per Nass, week ending May 17, Corn planted was 46 percent, well behind 68 
last year and 72 for the five-year average. Emerged was 9 percent, behind 23 
last year and 26 average. Soybeans planted was 20 percent, behind 37 last 
year and 32 average. Emerged was 1 percent, near 4 last year and 2 average. 
All sales are dollars per ton FOB the field or hay barn, unless otherwise 

Eastern/Central Nebraska
Alfalfa: Good large round 115.00. Grass Hay: Premium large rounds 100.00-
110.00; Good large rounds 85.00-95.00. Premium small squares 160.00-170.00. 
Good large rounds of brome grass 90.00 per bale. Good small squares of brome 
grass 6.50-7.00 per bale. Cornstalks large rounds 52.50.   
Platte Valley area of Nebraska
Alfalfa: Good large round bales 110.00-115.00. Standing hay price: Mostly 
70.00-75.00 instances 80.00. Cornstalks large rounds 65.00. Ground and 
delivered alfalfa 140.00-160.00. Ground and delivered alfalfa-stubble mix 
130.00-145.00. Ground and delivered cornstalks 95.00-110.00.

Western Nebraska
Alfalfa: Good large squares 160.00. Good large rounds 130.00-140.00. Straw 
in large squares 80.00. Ground and delivered alfalfa 153.00-158.00. Sun-
cured alfalfa pellets 15 percent protein 255.00.
Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
         than 10% grass)

 Quality     ADF     NDF      *RFV     **TDN-100%   **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme      <27     <34       >185        >62         >55.9     >22
Premium    27-29   34-36    170-185    60.5-62     54.5-55.9   20-22
Good       29-32   36-40    150-170      58-60     52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44    130-150      56-58     50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility      >35     >44       <130        <56         <50.5     <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100 % dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 
90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of 
Sale (usage).
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines

         Quality            Crude Protein Percent
          Premium             Over 13
          Good                   9-13
          Fair                   5-9
          Low                Under 5

  Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence 
hay price or value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
	   leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative 
         of a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of   

Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in 
         Legumes and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium  
         stems and free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
         Legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This 
         Category could include hay discounted due to excessive 
         damage and heavy weed content or mold. Defects will be 
         identified in market reports when using this category.

Source:  USDA NE Dept of Ag Market News Service, Kearney, NE 
         Thomas Walthers, OIC (308) 390-5399

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